If you’re looking to travel in South America, know that it is steeped in history with fabulous tales of the ingenious Incas, the powerful Tiawanaku, and other cultures that await you. In order to properly experience South America’s culture & history, you’ll have to be guided through the history of South American peoples, from its pre-Colombian roots to the great Inca Empire, up to the Spanish colonial and Brazilian Imperial era. South America is home to some of UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites which will take you back in time to the days when water deities were worshipped by the Nazca people, where the South Chilean’ Mapuche and Patagons tribe ruled the Southern Cone, which comprised of Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, Southern Brazil and sometimes Paraguay.
One of the historical places to visit in South America would be Bogota, the capital of Colombia. It is recommended to visit a historic centre known as La Candelaria, which is a neighbourhood of great architectural and cultural heritage boasting old and large Spanish colonial buildings with iron windows, featuring thick and sturdy wooden doors, balconies and internal patios with hidden gardens. In Bogota, one has to visit the Plaza de Bolivar, where the statue of the great liberator Simon Bolivar is located. Pay homage to the man who was a Venezuelan military and political leader, key in leading the establishment of Venezuela, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Panama as sovereign states, independent from the Spanish rule at the time.
On the eastern side of the plaza, sits the Cathedral which is constructed on the remains of the first church built in Bogotá in 1539. Houses then host an important collection of religious artefacts such as textiles and artwork from over four centuries. Not forgetting The Capitol, which was built between 1847 and 1926, shows its renaissance and neoclassical influences showcasing its carved stonework and tall columns. You should also visit the Museo Botero, a colonial house filled with works of art done by and donated by Fernando Botero. It is home to artwork from his own personal collection by Picasso, Renoir, Dalí Matisse, Monet and Giacometti, all renowned artists of their time. Another museum not to be missed is the Museo del Oro which exhibits some 32,000 pieces of gold, 20,000 stones, ceramics and textiles precious to the Quimbaya, Calima, Tayrona, Sinu, Muisca, Tolima, Tumaco and Magdalena cultures. And this is just the tip of the iceberg of what’s in Bogota.
At the end of your trip, you’d be sure to have a deeper sense of appreciation of South America’s rich cultural beauty, including its colonial history, impressive structures and spiritual traditions. If you are planning on a holiday to South America, the best South America Tour is one with tailor-made experience and yet, amazing value for money.